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Media Monitoring

Monitoring children coverage in albanian newspapers...
Crime and court reporting...
Education and training
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Copyright: Albanian Media Institute - Instituti Shqiptar i Medias, 2011
media legislation
Albanian media code of ethics
     New publications
A publication on Legal Leaks Toolkit
"Practical Guide to the Law on Right to Information," addresses citizens, with the aim of assisting them and explaining what the law on access to information is about and how they can use it to receive the information they need and uphold their rights. The booklet explained in detail the right of citizens to access the different kinds of public information as granted by law, the obligations of the public administration, the steps of application, practical guide on writing a request, the potential grounds for refusing the request, the appeal process, and different practical tips that might be useful during the process of application for information request.
Read this publication in Albanian
Practical guide to Access to Information Law
Online media book
"Legal Leaks toolkit" is an adaptation of the toolkit published in many countries in Europe, designed for journalists working that need to get access to information held by public bodies for their stories.

The toolkit addresses the concerns of journalists that make requests in their own country or considering filing a request in another country. It is based on a comparative analysis of the access to information of the 40 countries of the Council of Europe region which have such laws. The guide was adapted specifically for Albania with the new criteria and stipulations imposed by the current Law on Access to Information. (Read the book in Albanian)
Monitoring Access to Public Institutions 2014
The Albanian Media Institute carried out a test on the implementation of the right to information to official documents by the public administration. For this purpose, 153 requests for information were sent to various public administration bodies in the capital. The group of people that sent the requests was both journalists and non-journalists, in order to identify any potential double standards in providing information. Out of 153 requests sent, 60% of them received an answer. Journalists had a slightly better rate of receiving information within the applicants’ group. Despite the improvement in processing access to information requests, difficulties in providing information in a timely and satisfactory manner remain.
Read this publication in Albanian
hate speech book
For previous publications click here
Comments on amendments to E-commerce regulation
Currently the Ministry of Innovation and Public Administration has drafted an amendment to Law 10128 On Electronic Commerce. The amendments aim to establish some ground rules and responsibilities for portals, including those that convey information, such as online news media. More specifically, the amendments target the modalities that portals can employ when dealing with online comments from users. The following is a comment and opinion sent to the Ministry in the framework of public consultation jointly from Open Society Foundation Albania and Albanian Media Institute. (Read the comments in Albanian)
Social protests and institutions: Practices of communication and accountability
media integrity bookSocial movements and protests in the Balkans region have been frequent in the last years. While these initiatives are a good opportunity for positive social change, their results are debatable and the communication potential is not always used to the best advantage. This publication addresses the relation between social movements, the practices in their communication, and the effects on accountability of institutions, researching the practices of communication around protests in three Balkan countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia. The research focuses on communication practices by three main actors in protests (citizens, government, and media), attempting to shed light on the opportunities and limitations in communication, as well as review the effects of communication on accountability of institutions. The publication includes the regional overview, which identifies the trends, similarities, and differences between the three countries in terms of communication during protests, as well as the Albanian country report. The publication is in the framework of the regional project led by Media Center Sarajevo, with the participation of the School of Journalism and Public Relations (SJPR) , and Albanian Media Institute, under academic guidance of Peace Institute, Ljubljana. The project was supported by Regional Research Promotion Program, Western Balkans. Read this publication in Albanian
Monitoring access to information to local government
media integrity bookThe research aimed to assess how open is newly elected public administration to scrutiny by citizens and the extent to which FOIA law is implemented. The testing process was conducted in 10 municipalities in the country, engaging both journalists and citizens in exerting their right to access to official information. Overall, after application, 63% of the applicants received an answer, while citizens are still less favoured than journalists in receiving information.

The research also contains a section identifying the main trends and standards regarding international standards that regulate access to information. In addition, a summary of findings from previous studies, monitoring, and practices of other civil society organizations that have worked on and tested access to information is included, seeking to have a more complete picture of the legal and factual situation. The research was supported by Public Relations Office with the U.S. Embassy in Tirana.

Read this publication in Albanian
Reporting international affairs in Albanian media
media integrity bookThis research analyzed the situation with international news reporting in mainstream Albanian media. Media studies and monitoring reports so far have focused broadly on other aspects, but when it comes to coverage of international affairs in the Albanian media, there is certainly a lack of such research work.

This study analyzes the space given to international affairs in Albanian media (from the quantitative point of view) and the main trends in content of such reporting. Which are the main international events reported and what is their ratio to local news? Which is the ratio between chronicles of international events and the opinions on such events? The study combined direct media monitoring, desktop research, as well as interviews with international news reporters. The publication was prepared by Albanian Media Institute, with the support of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation.

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Read this publication in Albanian
Media and civil society in the Western Balkans
The Albanian Media Institute, with the support of Council of Europe and Friedrich Ebert Foundation, initiated a regional research in six countries of Western Balkans, seeking to explore the relation between media and civil society. The research was conducted based on a common methodology in six countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia.

The main aspects analyzed in each country include the media sector, the status of civil society, the way media covers civil society, the perception of civil society sector of the media, civil society representation in public media bodies, the hybrid between media and NGOs, and the status of public participation of citizens as influenced by media and civil society sector. The following sector attempts to summarize the main observations noticed in each country along these lines, while each country report includes a more detailed information on the state of affairs.

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Regional Report: A World the Size of a Saucer- International news reporting in SEE countries
media bookThe present report is the third in a series of reports examining less-explored angles of the freedom of expression, prepared within the frame of the South East European Partnership for Media Development. It looks at how the media in South-Eastern Europe (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia) served their public interest role, by providing their audiences with sufficient, correct, balanced and comprehensible information.

For the sake of the comparability, we looked especially at the Brexit and US elections campaigns, as two events that are journalistically relevant and with a predictable impact on the region. Read this publication in English
Media Literacy and Education Needs of Journalists and the Public in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia
Media literacyThe research on education needs of journalists and public in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia was carried out within the framework of the project "South-East European Partnership for Media Development".

The research aims to provide an up-to-date, comparative environmental analysis of journalism education and media literacy programs available in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. It provides information on education needs in journalism and for the general public, as well as an overview of the environmental factors at the basis of media literacy.

Read this publication in English
Read also: Recommendations for education needs of journalists and the public
Religious Extremism in Media
Media literacyThis study focuses especially on the religious discourse carried out in the Albanian media. The object of this study has been the press and the online media, including news portals and websites, as well as social media. However, in cases of events of special importance, the monitoring was extended to several news programs in the main television stations. The empirical research and the monitoring of the media aimed at identifying and categorizing of the themes and subjects, and events reported in the media, as well as issues and problems related to this reporting. This study also carried out an analysis of media content to identify main lines and keywords of extremist religious discourse in the Albanian media.

The research was conducted by Albanian Media Institute with funding from Austrian Development Cooperation.

Read a summary of the study in English
Read the full study in Albanian
Albanian media scene vs. European Standards
media integrity bookAlbanian Media Institute launched the report "Albanian media scene vs. European Standards" on April 24 in Tirana. The report, supported financially by the Embassy of the Netherlands, is an assessment of the media situation in the country, following the Council of Europe's Indicators for media in a democracy. The study concludes that only a few of the 27 principles have been consistently implemented in Albania. While Albanian legislation has been mostly harmonized to European regulation, the enforcement of the principles does not always measure up to their standards, due to incomplete or inconsistent legal regulation, weakness of institutions that enforce them, as well as the influence of other economic or political actors, along with the economic and social status of journalists.

Dewi van de Weerd, Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Albania stressed the importance of free media in a democracy and the support that the Netherlands provides to civil society and free media. "Journalists should be able to speak their minds freely and have time and space to investigate into stories that are important to the public," she states in the foreword to the study. During the meeting she said that such studies could be periodical, highlighting the importance of regular assessment of media freedom in the country.

Remzi Lani, director of the Albanian Media Institute, said that Albania lacks a cohesive media strategy or policy and such reports could be useful in adopting a more research-based policy approach for overall approach to media. The report's main findings were introduced by Ilda Londo, researcher at Albanian Media Institute. The contributors to the study also intervened, including Dorian Matlija from Respublica, Aleksandër Çipa from Union of Albanian Journalists, Aleksandra Bogdani from BIRN Albania, Rrapo Zguri from Department of Journalism at University of Tirana, and Blendi Salaj from Media Council.

Read the Report in English
Read the Report in Albanian
Relations between media and politics in Albania
media and politicsThis research aims to shed light upon the relations between the media and politics in Albania, starting from the historical and social context of these relations to continue with current prevailing trends that shape the typology of these relations. In order to also achieve conclusions with regard to the reporting of politics in the media, the research has also been based on quantitative monitoring of two daily newspapers, two television stations, and two online news media. The report analyzes the independence of media and journalists, focusing on guarantees and risk factors. In addition, the research summarizes and analyzes the current trends in the relations between media and politics in Albania, including new dimensions in the re-politicization and instrumentalization of the media, challenges to traditional media, and the increasing politicization and opinionization of media and society.

The research was supported by Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.

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Read this publication in Albanian
Media coverage of the justice reform in Albania: between public interest and political clientelism
media and justice reformThis publication focuses on the way that the introduction and progress of the justice reform was covered in Albanian media. The study aims to introduce the context in which the justice reform was developed and analyzes the media coverage on the progress and the issues related to the reform in general, as well as issues and developments relating to the establishment of the three new institutions: HPC, HJC and SPAK in particular. The research carried out for the purpose of this report included the monitoring of four daily newspapers: Panorama, Tema, Shqiptarja.com and Shekulli; two national TV stations: Klan, and Top Channel, as well as two news portals in the internet: syri.net and javanews.al; during the period November - December 2017, to carry out a quantitative analysis of media coverage, as well as identify the main lines of the media discourse regarding the reform of the justice system and problems with the media coverage. The study introduced the context in which the reform was adapted and the main incentives for such a reform, including the role of new Councils and SPAK.

The second part of the study analyzes the media coverage of the justice reform, in quantitative terms, as well as in regard to the main axes and problems related to media coverage of justice reform, such as political clientelism, media as a mediator between two political battlegrounds, and the tabloidization and personalization of information.

The Study was conducted by Albanian Media Institute, with the financial support of the British Embassy in Albania.

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Read this publication in Albanian
Training of Trainers Manual for Media and Information Literacy
media and justice reformThe purpose of this online manual is to assist the trainers of Media and Information Literacy (MIL) in teaching subjects related to this topic, as well as in training other potential future trainers in this aspect. This manual is intended as a contribution to trainers of MIL to prepare their educational program, in as easy and interesting way as possible. The manual might be useful to a broad range of actors, such as NGO representatives, teachers involved in MIL, journalists, and other persons interested in education of various target groups. The manual is built in several modules, with the respective exercises and additional materials that can be used for illustrations of the basic concepts of MIL. The handbook is prepared in the framework of the regional project "Media for Citizens - Citizens for Media" - project of seven CSOs for development of media in the Western Balkans (Media Center Sarajevo Foundation, Albanian Media Institute, Macedonian Media Institute, Media Institute of Montenegro, Novi sad School of Journalism, Ljubljana Peace Institute and Media Professionalism Network (SEENPM), aimed at strengthening the capacity of CSOs to promote initiatives related to MIL. The project is funded by the European Union.

Read this publication in Albanian