home    I    about us     I     staff     I     news     I     publications     I     projects     I     donors and partners     I     contact us      I     albanian
Media Watch
>> Alerts and Statements
>> Briefing Papers
>> Reports
>> Research and Studies
>> Press Review
Media Research
>> Media Legislation
>> Media Ethics
>> Media Development and      Indipendence
Media Monitoring

Monitoring children coverage in albanian newspapers...
Crime and court reporting...
Education and training
    of journalists...

Corruption reporting...
Reporting and privacy...
Reporting on social issues...
                                                ... more

   Media links

National media
Albanian Telegraphic Agency
Balkaweb News Portal
Klan TV
Panorama Newspaper
Shekulli Newspaper
Shqip Newspaper
Top Channel TV
Vizion Plus TV                ... more

Foreign media
BBC
Deutche Welle
Voice of America            ... more

Albanian
media legislation
Albanian media code of ethics
Newsletters Archive
AMI Newsletters             2005

January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

AMI NEWSLETTER, January 2005


PRIME MINISTER DIALOGUES WITH JOURNALISTS

The Albanian Media Institute organized a meeting and discussion of Prime Minister Nano with well-known journalists, analysts, and foreign media correspondents in Tirana on January 11. The main topics discussed related to the political situation in the country, the upcoming elections, and the issue of the country’s integration. This meeting took place in view of the importance that the next elections, expected this summer, have for Albania and its future. This series of meetings, dubbed “Challenge 2005,” will take place every month with important Albanian personalities, as well as foreign ones.

COURT RULES MINISTRY HAS NOT OBSERVED ACCESS TO INFORMATON RIGHT

Tirana District Court ruled on January 13 that the Ministry of Education has not abided by the access to information law in denying public information when requested and demanded this ministry to convey the information. The lawsuit was started by the Association for the Protection and Development of Children, whose request for information did not receive any answer from the Ministry of Education. This association filed the request for information regarding procedures of licensing of nursery centers and schools in 2004. The Ministry of Education did not send any representatives at the trial and they have refused to sign the subpoena twice, according to the Center for Democratization and Development of Institutions, which assumed the court case. This center also claims that this is the first case when the court rules in favor of the side demanding information from a public institution.

NCRT DECIDES TO WITHDRAW THE LICENSE OF SHIJAK TV

The National Council of Radios and Televisions (NCRT) has decided to withdraw the license of Shijak TV on December 23 in view of the debts this station has towards NCRT and Shijak TV’s making use of pirated programs. The owner of the television station reacted by saying that this was a political decision, since it aimed to strike this station at a point when it had already concluded the new contracts for advertising. In addition, he said that the charge for piracy was absurd, claiming that he was broadcasting for free programs that other stations charged for, referring to the digital terrestrial television Digitalb and the satellite platform Sat+, which started broadcasting last summer. In the meantime, Shijak TV continues to broadcast apparently self-produced programs. Shijak TV celebrated its ninth anniversary last December, being the first private television station in the country.

NEW DAILY IN ALBANIAN MARKET

“Ekspres” is the latest arrival in the Albanian market of daily newspapers. With this newspaper the number of dailies reaches 21, while there are no figures and market research regarding the circulaton and succes of each publication. Out of these publications, two of them are sports newspapers, two are economic ones, three are party newspapers and one of the newspapers is published in English.


AMI NEWSLETTER, February 2005


AMENDMENTS ON DEFAMATION PROCEED TO THE PARLIAMENT

The amendments to the Penal and Civil Codes on defamation were submitted to the relevant parliamentary commissions for approval this month. The amendments are signed by 23 members of parliament, representatives of different political parties. The bill was drafted after several round table discussions with media lawyers, media experts, editors, journalists, and members of parliament. Both the Penal Code and the Civil Code contain articles on defamation and slander that are considered regressive in the framework of the freedom of expression. This bill is a joint initiative of the Albanian Media Institute and the Justice Initiative, New York.

NCRT PRESENTS ITS ANNUAL REPORT

The National Council of Radio and Television (NCRT) presented its annual report on February 10, 2005, which the Parliament approved. Halil Lalaj, NCRT chairman, presented the main highlights of the NCRT activities in 2004, as well as the main trends of development of the electronic media area. Lalaj mentioned as a problem the expansion of some television stations beyond the area their license allows them, the resorting of some television stations to piracy after the emergence of the digital terrestrial television, the slow expansion of signal of one of the national TV stations, etc. Meanwhile, NCRT is working on the amendments for the broadcasting law in order to adjust it to digital operators, which are not mentioned in the current law.

FORUM OF MEDIA AND CITIZENS IN KORCA

A forum between media and citizens took place in Korca on February 19, with the participation of local media reporters and representatives of the civil society. The main aim of this series of meetings is to bring the media closer to the citizen, and vice-versa. The discussions focus on local media coverage of the problems of the community and the way that it can raise awareness among and for the community. The main lecturers were well-known journalists, analysts, and members of parliament, such as Besnik Mustafaj, Arben Imami, Prec Zogaj, and Remzi Lani. The other similar fora took place in Shkodra, Elbasan, Vlora, and Tirana. This was the last forum of media and citizens in the framework of this project, implemented by the Albanian Media Institute and supported by the Balkan Trust for Democracy.

NEW PROJECT ON PR TRAINING STARTS

Albanian Media Institute started to implement the project “Open Public Administration, Responsible Media,” which consists in training spokespersons from the state police in the ara of public relations. The first week of the project was in February 7-11, with the participation of eight spokespersons from the state police in Tirana and other districts. The first lecturer was Ilir Aliaj, Director of the Center for the Development and Democratization of Institutions, who focused on the topic of access to information. He addressed the articles of the freedom of information act, the rights and the limitations it imposes, especially for the state police.
The other lecturer was Dasara Dizdiari, PR expert at the UNDP, who introduced the basic skills in public relation, the functioning of media newsrooms, journalists’ demands, solution of emergency situations and the main elements of PR planning. This project is implemented by the Albanian Media Institute with the support of the Open Society Institute.

ROUND TABLE ON ACCESS TO INFORMATION

A round table on access to information law and the right to information took place in Berat on February 17, with the participation of local journalists from both print and electronic media, representatives from local government and local judiciary, etc. The main aim of the round table was to know and discuss on the access to information law and its implementation in Albania. Lecturer were Ilir Aliaj of the Center for the Development and Democratization of Institutions, who focused on the international standards of access to information and particularly on the Albanian law. The lecture followed with the practical implementation of this law in the country and especially on the relevance this law has for the journalists. The participants shared their experience and brought specific examples with regard to the implementation of this law. This activity was organized by the Albanian Media Institute and supported by the Open Society Institute in the framework of the project “Open Public Administration, Responsible Media.”

TRAINING COURSE FOR WEBMASTERS

A training course for webmasters took place at the Albanian Media Institute (AMI)on February 14-18, with the participation of 12 journalists from both print and electronic media, mainly from Tirana-based media outlets. The aim of this training module, composed of several weeks, is to introduce the basic principles and skills of creating webpages and online journalism, areas which are relatively new and unexplored in Albania. Trainer was Mitrulla Thodhori, IT engineer at AMI. She focused on the main elements of webpage, such as planning and specifics of the website to be built, the architecture and design of the site, the website’s main outline, maintenance, and testing. The course was a combination of theoretical elements with practical work and it will continue with other training sessions. The course was implemented by AMI and supported by UNESCO.

WELL-KNOWN JOURNALIST RECEIVES “SEEMO 2004” AWARD

Fatos Lubonja, a well-known journalist, writer, and analyst, received the SEEMO Human Rights Award "SEEMO Award for Mutual Cooperation in South East Europe." Lubonja was presented his award at the Books and Communication House on February 16, in a ceremony where many journalists, media directors and editors, analysts, and civil society representatives participated. In 2002, the Award was given to Christine von Kohl, a fighter for human rights in the Balkan region and editor-in-chief and founder of the Vienna magazine Balkan - Südosteuropäischer Dialog - Balkan anders. In 2003, the Award was given to Nebojsa Popov, one of the leading Serbian human rights fighters and founder of the Belgrade magazine Republika.

NEW ISSUE OF “ALBANIAN MEDIA MONITOR”

“Albanian Media Monitor” came out this month, monitoring the most important trends, phenomena, and events of the Albanian media for the second half of 2004. This book contains a calendar of media events, reports on television developments and trends, on the regulatory authority of electronic media, the recent debates on media situation and on the court cases involving media representatives. This publication features also some research on media ownership in the country, a general landscape of the media outlets, the annual report of the National Council of Radios and Televisions, as well as the ongoing projects on the media field, such as the bill on digital terrestrial television. “Albanian Media Monitor” also includes an overlook on the world media trends. The book was published by the Albanian Center of Media Monitoring with the support of Press Now.

BBC MEDIA CORRESPONDENT VISITS ALBANIA

Nick, Higham, BBC Media Correspondent, visited Albania on February 27- March 2. During his visit he held a round table on investigative journalism, sharing his experience with well-known Albanian journalists and editors. Richard Jones, Ambassador of United Kingdom, and Remzi Lani, director of Albanian Media Institute, also intervened in this round table. Higham also held a meeting with the highest representatives of RTSH, the Albanian public broadcaster, as well as with NCRT, the regulatory authority on Albanian electronic media. Afterwards Higham held a workshop with journalism faculty and students at the University of Elbasan, titled “Sources, Stories, Scoops.”

NEW PERIODICAL IN ALBANIAN MARKET

“Tirana Times” is the newest periodical to emerge in the Albanian market of print media. This is a weekly newspaper in English, which aims to summarize the main events of the week. This periodical targets foreigners mostly, considering that there are only few periodicals in English in the country, although the market abounds with a high number of publications.


AMI NEWSLETTER, March 2005


DISCUSSIONS ON PRESS BILL CONTINUE

The bill on the press is still being discussed by the Parliamentary Media Commission, OSCE, journalists, and other relevant people or organizations, without any progress on the future of this draft. The main discussion evolves around the amendments proposed by two parliament members that aim to prevent publishers from participating in tenders for public funds, claiming that this could regulate the deformed print market. This month the bill was discussed again at the Parliamentary Media Commission and by the parliamentary group of the ruling Socialist party. In addition, OSCE’s response to an enquiry to comment on the bill stated the lack of support for passing the much-discussed amendments at this point in time. The reaction also advised to refrain from any hasty decision to pass the draft without further consideration of the whole bill, apart from the two amendments. Meanwhile, the bill has been discussed for months now without any real progress.

NEWSPAPER PUBLISHERS AIM TO CREATE DISTRIBUTION AGENCY

A group of publishers of 14 daily newspapers petitioned the government to enable them to establish a common agency for distributing and selling the daily press all over the country. These publishers stressed the need to establish a serious and solid infrastructure for selling print media in the country, which is plagued by a weak distribution system at the present. They expressed their intention to carry out a feasibility study and build the press newsstands accordingly. Directors and owners of most of daily newspapers had joined this initiative, expressing their hope that “Spekter” jsc, the most important publisher in the print market, would join them, as well.

COURT RULES SHIJAK TV TO CONTINUE BROADCASTING

The District Court ruled on March 30 that Shijak TV will continue broadcasting, thus partially revoking the decision of the National Council of Radio and Television (NCRT) to shut down the television station. According to the verdict NCRT’s decision was deemed a hasty one, as it recurred to the most severe measure without first making use of other means at its disposal, such as reducing the broadcasting license by 50 percent. NCRT made this decision last December due to the debts this station had towards the regulatory authority, as well as due to the continuous use of pirated programs by this station. NCRT did not change its decision after Shijak TV paid its dues and stopped broadcasting pirated programs.

PR TRAINING PROJECT IN ITS SECOND WEEK

The second week of the PR training project took place in March 14-19, with the participation of eight spokespersons from the state police in Tirana and other districts. The lectures continued with more practical aspects of a spokesperson’s job, such as press releases, media kits, and press conferences. Lecturer was Arben Muka, Deutsche Welle correspondent, who took on practical examples in his lectures. For example, the participants compared and contrasted several examples of press releases issued by the police departments and drafted their own press releases, which were discussed by the whole group. This project, called “Open Public Administration, Responsible Media,” consists in training spokespersons from the state police in the ara of public relations, and is implemented by the Albanian Media Institute with the support of the Open Society Foundation.

PARLIAMENT PASSES PUBLIC BROADCASTER’S ANNUAL REPORT

The Steering Council of RTSH, the Albanian public broadcaster, presented its annual report to the Parliament on March 29. The report stated that although RTSH had progressed in improving its professional standards, problems were still present. The main problems included the still high percentage of government coverage in news editions, the lack of diversity in RTSH programming, the dependency of Steering Council on General Director, contrary to what the law guarantees, the ineffective and non-transparent management, the inability to expand RTSH’s coverage with signal and to open the second television channel, etc. The report was finally passed by the Parliament.

SECOND TRAINING COURSE FOR WEBMASTERS

The second course of the training module for webmasters took place at the Albanian Media Institute (AMI) on March 15-19, with the participation of 12 journalists from both print and electronic media, mainly from Tirana-based media outlets. The aim of this training module, composed of several weeks, is to introduce the basic principles and skills of creating webpages and online journalism, areas which are relatively new and unexplored in Albania. Trainer was Mitrulla Thodhori, IT engineer at AMI. She focused on the essential programs and software to build a website, usage of image and photos, the kind of images and their speficic features, image editing, introduction and usage of the most commonplace programs needed to build a website, etc. The course was a combination of theoretical elements with practical work and it will continue with other training sessions. The course was implemented by AMI and supported by UNESCO.

ROUND TABLE ON ACCESS TO INFORMATION

A round table on access to information law and the right to information took place in Burrel on March 25, with the participation of local journalists from both print and electronic media, representatives from local government and local judiciary, etc. The main aim of the round table was to know and discuss on the access to information law and its implementation in Albania. Lecturer was Ilir Aliaj of the Center for the Development and Democratization of Institutions, who focused on the international standards of access to information and particularly on the Albanian law. The lecture followed with the practical implementation of this law in the country and especially on the relevance this law has for the journalists. The participants shared their experience and brought specific examples with regard to the implementation of this law, especially demanding a higher degree of transparency from the spokespersons. This activity was organized by the Albanian Media Institute and supported by the Open Society Foundation in the framework of the project “Open Public Administration, Responsible Media.”

TRAINING ON INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM

A training course on investigative journalism took place at the Albanian Media Institute (AMI) on March 7-9, with the participation of 14 journalists from the main daily newspapers in Tirana and the main regional newspapers published in other cities. The main aim of the course was to improve the participants’ skills in investigative journalism, introducing them to in-depth reporting and the different manners to receive information. Trainer was Lutfi Dervishi, a well-known journalist. He focused on the nature of investigative journalism, its distinguishing features, original research methods, the basic skills of investigative reporting, working close to the sources, etc. Apart from the skills needed, the participants became familiar with the law on access to information and its main use in investigative reporting, as well as with undercover reporting, the main risks that investigative journalism brings along, etc. The course was organized by AMI and supported by the U.S. Embassy.

INTERNET TRAINING COURSE FOR LOCAL MEDIA

A training course on internet and online journalism took place in Korca on March 21-23, with the participation of local journalists from both print and electronic media. The training focused on enabling journalists to use the latest techniques of online journalism and Internet. The lecturer was Mitrulla Thodhori, responsible for IT at the Albanian Media Institute. She focused on using internet explorer as a source for reporting, introducing several search engines and information sites of relevance to journalists’ work. The course was a constant combination of theory with practice and it followed the forum held in this city. The course also marked the completion of a series of fora and training courses on several cities in the country. The main aim of these activities has been to bring the media closer to the citizen and community, and vice-versa. This project was implemented by the Albanian Media Institute and supported by the Balkan Trust for Democracy.

ALBANIAN PRESIDENT DECORATES BBC

President of Albania Alfred Moisiu awarded the medal “For Special Civil Merit” to the BBC section in Albanian on February 28, in view of the significant historic contribution this BBC section has given from the WWII in developments in Albania. The President also stressed the BBC role in strengthening the relations between the two countries. Present were BBC representatives and correspondents and other well-known journalists.

JOURNALISTS DISCUSS ON POLITICS AND COMMUNICATION

Michael Kunczik, a well-known expert on media and communication sciences, held a talk and discussion with a group of Albanian print and electronic journalists on March 11, at the Albanian Media Institute. The main topics discussed in this meeting were the manners of communication used in general and in the media and by the politicians in particular, communication sciences and their effect on society, use of rhetorics to build the image, coverage of politicians in the media and ways of influencing public opinion, etc. The lecturer is professor at University Johannes Gutenberg, Mainz, Germany. The meeting was supported by Friedrich Ebert Foundation.

ANOTHER DAILY NEWSPAPERS EMERGES

“Tirana Observer,” the most recent daily newspaper, entered the Albanian market on March 25, taking the number of daily newspapers to a total of 22, while there are no figures and market research regarding the circulation and success of each publication. Out of these publications, two of them are sports newspapers, two are economic ones, three are party newspapers and one of the newspapers is published in English.


AMI NEWSLETTER, April 2005


REGIONAL COURSE ON REPORTING TERRORISM

The Albanian Media Institute (AMI) has organized a five-day training course on “Reporting Terrorism,” on 12-16 April. The main goal of the course was to address the impact of terrorism in the present world and the role of the media in covering this aspect. Some of the issues covered during the course were the threat of terrorism to democracy, human rights and the limits to freedom of expression, countering stereotypes, racism and nationalist prejudice in the media. The course also focused on reporting on Balkan countries’ contribution to tackle international terrorism, the different angles on terrorism and how pervasive terrorism reporting is, the different definitions of terrorism in the media, etc.
Trainer was Gabriel Partos, BBC political analyst. The training aimed at journalists from both print and electronic media. The participants, 11 of them, came from the countries that are members of the network. The guest speakers were Rexhep Mejdani, former President of Albania, Jeffrey Bonvicin, First Secretary of US Embassy, Tirana, Ledio Bianku, director of the Center for European Studies, and Roland Bimo, General Secretary of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Albania. In their evaluation forms about the course the participants expressed their preference about the focus of the course on the regional aspect of the war against terrorism. The course was carried out within the framework of activities of South East European Network for Professionalization of the Media (SEENPM), as part of the network’s calendar for the courses of further media training.

FREEDOM HOUSE REPORTS SETBACKS ON MEDIA FREEDOM

According to the annual report on media freedom issued by Freedom House Albania has not progressed in its ranking of press freedom, going down to 107th compared to 105th from last year. The report states that the country has a partly free press. According to the report one of the main problems is that journalists do not dare to address delicate issues, especially if related to the ruling party. The report also indicates the intricate relation between media businesses and government or politicians as a crucial issue that affects media freedom.

ADVANCED INTERNET SKILLS COURSE

An intermediate and advanced Internet training course took place at the Albanian Media Institute on April 6-8, with the participation of 14 journalists from both print and electronic media based in Tirana and other cities. The course aimed to enable journalists to use as many online journalism and research skills as possible while reporting. In this context the main topics addressed during the training were online research, using and maintaining e-mail, advanced MS-Word skills, search engines, research methods, using tables and graphs, translation techniques, etc. Trainer was Mitrulla Thodhori, IT engineer at the Albanian Media Institute. The course was organized by the Albanian Media Institute and supported by the US Embassy.

ROUND TABLE ON ACCESS TO INFORMATION

A round table on access to information law and the right to information took place in Pogradec on April 29, with the participation of local journalists from both print and electronic media, representatives from local government and local judiciary, etc. The main aim of the round table was to know and discuss on the access to information law and its implementation in Albania. Lecturer was Ilir Aliaj of the Center for the Development and Democratization of Institutions, who focused on the international standards of access to information and particularly on the Albanian law. The lecture followed with the practical implementation of this law in the country and especially on the relevance this law has for the journalists. The participants shared their experience and brought specific examples with regard to the implementation of this law, especially demanding a higher degree of transparency from the spokespersons. This activity was organized by the Albanian Media Institute and supported by the Open Society Foundation in the framework of the project “Open Public Administration, Responsible Media.”

TRAINING MODULE FOR WEBMASTERS IS COMPLETED

The third course of the training module for webmasters took place at the Albanian Media Institute (AMI) on April 18-22, with the participation of 12 journalists from both print and electronic media, mainly from Tirana-based media outlets. The aim of this training module, composed of several weeks, is to introduce the basic principles and skills of creating webpages and online journalism, areas that are relatively new and unexplored in Albania. Trainer was Mitrulla Thodhori, IT engineer at AMI. She focused on the essential elements to refine a website, basic HTML language, usage of frames, background, text, writing, limits, animations of different kinds, Javascript, etc. The course was a combination of theoretical elements with practical work and marked the conclusion of the training module for webmasters. The course was implemented by AMI and supported by UNESCO.

PR TRAINING PROJECT CONCLUDES ITS FIRST MODULE

The third week of the PR training project marked the completion of the first module, which involved training of spokespersons from the state police. The last week of the training took place on April 18-22, with the participation of eight spokespersons from the state police in Tirana and other districts. The lectures continued with more practical aspects of a spokesperson’s job, such as organization of a press office, practical administration matters, and real-life cases of practicing PR. Lecturers were Iris Luarasi, professor at the Department of Journalism, and Agim Neza, spokesman at the General Prosecutor’s Office. The lecturers focused especially on examples from their own experience or media items that featured both good and bad communication with the public. This module of the project, called “Open Public Administration, Responsible Media,” consisted in training spokespersons from the state police in the area of public relations, and is implemented by the Albanian Media Institute with the support of the Open Society Foundation. The second module will deal with training of spokespersons from local government’s public administration.

HANDBOOK ON RADIO COMMUNICATION

“Creating a powerful radio: A communicator’s handbook,” is the most recent publication on radio journalism, written by Valerie Geller. The author touches upon practical aspects of working in radio, conveying the most successful methods of establishing a qualitative medium. She focuses on radio conversations, managing debates, morning radio shows, interviewing, integrating news with dialogue, etc. Apart from the professional journalism skills Geller also addresses other practical issues, such as advertisement sales, public service broadcasting, promotion of the radio, etc.

ANNUAL EDITION OF “ALBANIAN MEDIA MONITOR”

“Albanian Media Monitor 2004” came out this month, monitoring the most important trends, phenomena, and events of the Albanian media for 2004. This book contains several reports, observations, documents and laws related to media developments that took place last year, such as a calendar of media events, reports on television developments and trends, on the regulatory authority of electronic media, the recent debates on media situation and on the court cases involving media representatives. This publication features also some research on media ownership in the country, a general landscape of the media outlets, the annual report of the National Council of Radios and Televisions, the developments with the Albanian public service broadcaster, as well as the ongoing projects on the media field, such as the bill on digital terrestrial television. “Albanian Media Monitor” also includes an overlook on the media trends in Kosovo and in Europe. The book was published by the Albanian Center of Media Monitoring with the support of Press Now.


AMI NEWSLETTER, May 2005


INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS SUPORT THE PASSING OF AMENDMENTS ON DEFAMATION LAW

Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) and Article 19 (A19) addressed separate letters to Head of Parliament Servet Pellumbi to express their support for the pending legislation to reform Albania’s criminal and civil defamation law. In their letters the above press freedom groups urged the Parliament to pass the amendments, considering that this act would bring Albania closer to compliance with international standards. A19’s review of the present Albanian legislation in September 2004 concluded that Albania’s criminal and civil codes are not in compliance with international press freedom standards. In a separate effort, Albanian Media Institute and Justice Initiative, New York, started to discuss the possible amendments to the present laws. After several meetings with media lawyers, MPs, journalists, and media experts, the new amendments were drafted and sent to the Parliament for approval. These draft amendments have received support from politicians and media community and have been approved by the Parliamentary Media Commission.

SEMINAR ON ELECTIONS' COVERAGE

A seminar on the coverage of elections scheduled for 3 July and media conduct took place on May 31, with the participation of political reporters, editors, media experts, media lawyers, etc. The main aim was to discuss and determine with media representatives a code of conduct for media to adopt during the elections’ campaign, comparing it with practice in the EU countries in these occasions. The main speakers were Lee Hibbard, Media Division, Council of Europe, who addressed the Council of Europe approach to media during election times, Oerd Bylykbashi, who explained the media regulation in Albania in this regard. Andrea Nathanaili, from the regulatory authority on electronic media and Mark Marku, chair of board of ethics for “Shekulli” newspaper, addressed the main problems and dilemmas with coverage of elections in 2005. Afterwards Anthony O'Shaughnessy, Assistant News Editor, BBC Wales, shared his experience with regard to regulatory authorities and electronic media challenges in these cases. At the conclusion of the conference Lutfi Dervishi, media expert, and Christophoros Christophorou, Former Director of Cyprus Radio Television Authority, introduced a code of conduct for media in times of elections. The code was passed for discussion and adoption to the media outlets in the country. The seminar was organized by the Albanian Media Institute with the support of Council of Europe, OSCE Presence in Albania, and the Central Elections Committee of Albania.

OPPOSITION LEADER DIALOGUES WITH JOURNALISTS

The Albanian Media Institute organized a meeting and discussion of Sali Berisha, chairman of the Democratic Party and leader of the opposition with well-known journalists, analysts, and foreign media correspondents in Tirana on May 16. The main topics discussed related to the political situation in the country, the upcoming elections, and the issue of the country’s integration. This meeting took place in view of the importance that the next 3 July elections have for Albania and its future. The first meeting of this series took place with Fatos Nano, Prime Minister and leader of the ruling party.

BILL ON DIGITAL TERRESTRIAL TELEVISION IS POSTPONED

On its last day of convening before elections, the Albanian Parliament has postponed the approval of the bill on digital terrestrial television. Although there were moments of unclear and confused procedure during the voting of the bill, it was decided that the next parliament will deal with it. This debate on this bill has continued for a year now, mainly in the respective parliamentary commission and less in the public debate. The need for this bill arose after Digitalb, the first digital terrestrial television started broadcasting in June 2004. However, after many discussions and criticism mainly by OSCE and KKRT, the regulatory authority of electronic media, the bill has failed to pass so far.

SECOND MODULE OF PR TRAINING STARTS

Albanian Media Institute started to implement the second module of the project “Open Public Administration, Responsible Media,” which consists in training spokespersons from the municipalities, ministries, courts, and General Prosecutor’s office in the ara of public relations. The first week of the project took place on May 23-28. The first lecturer was Ilir Aliaj, Director of the Center for the Development and Democratization of Institutions, who focused on the topic of access to information. He addressed the articles of the freedom of information act, the rights and the limitations it imposes, especially for the state police.
The other lecturer was Dasara Dizdiari, PR expert at the UNDP, who introduced the basic skills in public relation, the functioning of media newsrooms, journalists’ demands, solution of emergency situations and the main elements of PR planning. Considering that the nature of jobs of participants was of a mixed nature, both lecturers examined several case studies from the work of each institution that the participants represented. This project is implemented by the Albanian Media Institute with the support of the Open Society Institute.

WORKSHOP ON RELIGION REPORTING

Albanian Media Institute organized a workshop on religion reporting on May 5,6, and 9, with the participation of 13 journalists from the main daily newspapers in the country. The main aim of this workshop was to introduce journalists to the main trends of religious texture in Albanian society and how to report them in a fair, objective, and enlightened manner. The first lecturer was Fatos Lubonja, a well-known Albanian analyst, who examined examples of coverage of religious issues in print media. He addressed the coverage of recent controversial religious debates, which involved the participation on the discussion of what is a fair and complete coverage of such delicate issues.
The second lecturer was Artan Fuga, philosopher and analyst, who introduced the findings of a survey carried out in regard to the religious composition of Albanian society. During his lecture Fuga stressed the maturity media should have in addressing sporadic religious conflicts, referring to specific recent cases. This course was supported by the US Embassy.

TRAINING MODULE FOR ONLINE JOURNALISM STARTS

The first week of the training module for online journalism took place at the Albanian Media Institute (AMI)on May 9-13, with the participation of 11 journalists from both print and electronic media, mainly from Tirana-based media outlets. The aim of this training module, composed of three weeks, is to introduce the basic principles and skills of online journalism, distinguishing between writing for a newspaper and writing online and exploring other similar areas which are relatively new in Albania. Trainer was Mitrulla Thodhori, IT engineer at AMI. She focused on the situation of online journalism presently in the world and in the country, the main features of online journalism, researching the Internet, the main search engines and databases, useful websites for journalists, writing for online publications, etc. The course was a combination of theoretical elements with practical work and it will continue with other training sessions. The course was implemented by AMI and supported by UNESCO.

TRAINING WORKSHOPS ON ELECTION REPORTING

Two two-days workshops on coverage of elections took place at the Albanian Media Institute on May 18-21, with the participation of 14 journalists working in print and electronic media respectively for each workshop. The main objective of these workshops was to introduce journalists to the main rules and principles to observe when covering elections. The first day, Ylli Manjani and Oerd Bylykbashi, lawyers at the OSCE Presence in Albania, explained the Albanian electoral system and the Electoral Code, with the respective media regulation. In the second day Lutfi Dervishi, media expert, and Arben Muka, Deutsche Welle correspondent, discussed with the participants on the professional and ethical standards to observe in the course of electoral campaigns. The workshops were organized by the Albanian Media Institute and supported by Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES CONDEMNED FOR THEIR RELATIONS WITH JOURNALISTS

According to human rights organizations, such as Albanian Helsinki Committee, local police in Korca has not allowed local journalists to shoot the suspension of the activity of a private bar in the district of Korça, carried out by the police. Two journalists and two cameramen of local TV-s in Korça were shooting the scene when Ardian Shehu, chief of the Municipal Police of the district of Korça, did not allow the shooting of the Municipal Police operation. In addition, the organization claims that he exerted violence against Juliana Dhimitri, who is the Top channel TV correspondent and threw away the camera of one of the cameramen. Local and international human rights organizations have protested against this act of violation of the right of information and the freedom of media.

MEDIA MONITORING BOARD IS APPROVED

Central Election Committee of Albania approved on May 26 the Board of Media Monitoring for the elections’ campaign. This seven-members board will monitor the electronic media coverage of the elections’ campaign and observe if the media behavior is in compliance with the Electoral Code norms. According to these norms electronic media has to allot equal airtime to all the parties that have received 20 percent of the Parliament seats in the last general elections. If the board notices violations of the Electoral Code provisions for the media, the Central Election Committee may fine the respective media.

MINORITY MEDIA TRAINING

A training for Greek minority media took place in Gjirokastra on May 23-27, with the participants of 12 journalists from Greek minority media. The aim of this training course was to improve the writing and reporting skills of minority media. In the first three days the participants were introduced to the main principles of online journalism, usage of Internet, search engines to report, advanced use of MS Word, Excel, and Internet, and investigative journalism via Internet. In the remaining two days the lecturer discussed with the participants various ways of finding news in the local area, story ideas, sources of information for local journalism, writing leads, interviewing techniques, and layout options in order to attract readership. Trainers were Mitrulla Thodhori, IT expert at Albanian Media Institute (aMI,) and Lutfi Dervishi, media expert. This training course started an extensive project on minority media training, organized by AMI and supported by Swedish Helsinki Committee, which will continue with the training of other minority media and with other activities.

CONFERENCE ON EUROPEAN ISLAM

“European Islam” was the topic of the conference that took place in Barcelona on May 24-25, with the participation of renowned academics, experts, and scholars of this topic. The aim of the conference was to discuss the situation of Islam in Europe, its specific features in the Balkans and Turkey, its efforts to integrate into European Union countries. The immigration trends and their impact in the fabric of society, the possible “westernizing” of Islam, etc. The conference also attempted to tackle the public opinion of Islam in Western Europe and its effect on the potential integration of Islam in European countries, including the various models of integration in an increasingly multiculturalist world. The main lecturers were Soli Ozel, from University of Bilgi, Istanbul, and director of the Turkish edition of Foreign Policy, Paul Scheffer, professor at Amsterdam Institute for Metropolitan and International Development Studies, Piro Misha, director of Books and Communication House, Olivier Roy, director of research at the National Center of Scientific Research, Paris, Dyab Abou Jahjah, president of the Arab-European League of Belgium and Holland, Seyran Ates, lawyer, Nilufer Gole, esearch director at the School of Higher Studies on Scolical Sciences in Paris, Renzo Guolo, professor of sociology at the University of Padova, Fauzia Ahmad, Honorary Research Fellow at the University of Bristol, and Enrique Gil Calvo, professor of Sociology at the University Complutense of Madrid. This conference was organized by CCCB, with the participation of Goethe Institut, Barcelona, Albanian Media Institute, Books and Communications House, and El Pais, supported by Generalitat de Catalunya.

MEDIA DEBATE ON ECONOMIC POLICIES

A debate on economic policies and their coverage in the media took place in Tirana on May 20. The League of Economic Journalists of Albania organized this meeting in order to introduce and discuss the economic development of the country in 2005-2009 through the economic platforms of political parties. Representatives of various political parties and economic reporters of print and electronic media attended the meeting. The debate was supported by the Economic Development Program of GTZ.

MEDIA COVERAGE OF RELIGIOUS ISSUES

Albanian Media Institute organized a talk show on religious issues and communities in Albania and the media coverage in this regard. The main aim of this talk show, broadcast by Top Channel TV, was to stress and foster the religious tolerance that exists in Albania among the religious communities and avoid those reporting trends that might lead to religious frictions or conflicts. The representatives of the main religious communities in the country attended the talk show, such as the Muslim, Orthodox, Catholic, and Bektashi communities, as well as experts and analysts of social and religious issues such as Ardian Klosi and Teodor Laco, together with Ilir Kulla, chairman of the State Committee for the Protection of Cults. The organization of this talk show was supported by World Learning.

CONSULTING SESSIONS WITH ROMA MEDIA AND NGOs

A series of in-house consulting sessions among Roma media representatives and NGOs took place in Tirana on May 20-26. This series was led by Dusan Masic, media expert, and aimed to improve the media skills of Roma media outlets and the communication of Roma NGOs with the media. Considering that the number of Roma media in Albania is minimal, the consulting sessions involved the communication and public relation skills of Roma NGOs and activists. This in-house training is part of an extensive two-year project called “Seeing Roma without prejudice,” implemented by Media Diversity Institute, London, in several Balkan countries.


AMI NEWSLETTER, June 2005


PROJECT ON PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION OPENNESS CONCLUDES

The last two weeks of second module of PR training took place this month, marking the completion of this module, with the participation of spokespersons from the municipalities, ministries, courts, and General Prosecutor’s office. The second week of the module focused on practical aspects and products of a spokesperson, such as preparing a media kit, drafting and sending a press release, organizing and managing a press conference, the main aspects of a press briefing, administration of debate, etc. Lecturer was Arben Muka, Deutsche Welle correspondent and expert in public relations. Participants tested their knowledge through various practical exercises, which are part of routine work in a public relations office. One of the practical tests included organizing two press conferences and managing different situations. The outcome was discussed in group, where all received feedback from their peers and the lecturer.
The third and last week of the second training module took place on 20-24 June 2005. In the first three days the participants were introduced to the main principles and practical aspects of organizing a press office. Lecturer was Iris Luarasi, member of faculty at the Department of Journalism, University of Tirana. She focused on the practical aspects of work in a public relations’ office. During the course the lecturer presented different models of establishing and maintaining a database, how to filter and organize the information that floods a press office, task division within the office, etc.
The last two days participants were introduced to the role and necessity of public relations in a democratic society. Lecturer was Agim Neza, media consultant at the General Prosecutor’s office. After conveying a brief overview of the history of public relations in Albania, he focused on the importance of transparency of information, comparing it to the Western experience in this area. More specifically he addressed the main qualities that a person working in PR outght to have, the essential objectives of a PR campaign, bringing numerous examples from his extensive experience in the area. This project, “Open Public Administration, Responsible Media,” was implemented by the Albanian Media Institute with the support of the Open Society Institute. The project that was completed consisted of two modules of PR training and of fora with media and citizens.

INTRODUCTION OF YOUNG ROMA REPORTERS TO JOURNALISM

An introductory course to thirteen aspiring Roma journalists and representatives of Roma NGOs took place at the Albanian Media Institute on June 22-24. The main aim of this course was for the participants to gain familiarity with the introductory principles and practical aspects of reporting as well as the way a media outlet works. Arben Muka, Deutsche Welle correspondent, was lecturer on the first day. He addressed the fundamental principles of writing and reporting, inverted pyramid technique, as well as the specific writing and reporting for print media, radio, and television. In the end the lecturer also focused on the relations between media and NGOs.
On the second day, Mitrulla Thodhori, IT engineer at the Albanian Media Institute, introduced the participants to basic computer assisted reporting, focusing on computer skills, usage of e-mail and Internet to the aid of reporters. The third lecturer was Lutfi Dervishi, freelancer and experienced journalist, who focuse on other practical aspects, such as on-field interviews, studio interviews, Vox-populi, interviewing techniques, sources of information, etc. This course was organized by the Albanian Media Institute and supported by Swedish Helsinki Committee, in the framework of a project targeted to minority media.

SECOND TRAINING MODULE FOR WEBMASTERS STARTS

The second training module for webmasters started at the Albanian Media Institute (AMI)on June 13-17, with the participation of 12 journalists from both print and electronic media, mainly from Tirana-based media outlets. The aim of this training module, composed of several weeks, is to introduce the basic principles and skills of creating webpages and online journalism, areas which are relatively new and unexplored in Albania. Trainer was Mitrulla Thodhori, IT engineer at AMI. She focused on the main elements of webpage, such as planning and specifics of the website to be built, the architecture and design of the site, the website’s main outline, maintenance, and testing. The course was a combination of theoretical elements with practical work and it will continue with other training sessions. The course was implemented by AMI and supported by UNESCO.

PUBLICATION ON MEDIA MONITORING GUIDE

In the wake of general elections in the country one of the latest publications is “Guide to Media Monitoring During Elections,” by Robert Norris and Patrick Merloe. The book addressed the main issues to consider during a media monitoring campaign, focusing on such elements as planning the monitoring, organizing the campaign, basic elements of monitoring, monitoring instructions, and reporting the final results. The publication was supported by USAID and National Democratic Institute.

MSI INDEX FOR 2004 IS PUBLISHED

IREX published the annual report for Media Sustainability Index for year 2004 with reports on every country where this organization holds its activity. According to this report, the Albanian panelists engaged in the discussion on media situation identified as the main problems that Albanian media faces the lack of working contracts for 90 percent of journalists, non-transparent media ownership, increased government pressure on media, low levels of professionalism, increased self-censorship trends, weak public broadcasting system, etc. Overall, the country has marked a slight decrease in the general index of media freedom, mainly due to last year’s lawsuits filed by Prime Minister against an MP and publisher of a daily newspaper. Albania ranks 11th, behind other countries in the region, but before other countries such as Romania, Moldova, Russia, etc.


AMI NEWSLETTER, July 2005


TEAM TRAINING ON MINORITY REPORTING

A team reporting training took place at the Albanian Media Institute on July 11-15, with the participation of eight journalists from both mainstream and minority media. The reporters produced a supplement that was published in daily “Panorama.” The supplement focused on issues of Greek minority reporting and their coverage by both minority and mainstream media. The participants worked as a team and covered different stories addressing topics related to Grek minority, their everyday life, their position with regard to legislation and government actions, the relations with the Albanians in the area, their history, etc. In order to assist their reporting, two key speakers were invited to address this topic: Vasilika Hysi, head of Albanian Helsinki Committee, focused on the legal framework regarding human rights and minorities and introduced some research done in this area. The second key speaker was Remzi Lani, a well-known analyst, who addressed the relations between Greek minority and Albanians, the manner of coverage in the mainstream media and minority media, the way this is related to foreign policy of both countries, etc. This project was supported by Swedish Helsinki Committee and organized by the Albanian Media Institute.

TRAINING MODULE FOR ONLINE JOURNALISM IS COMPLETED

The third week of the training module for online journalism took place at the Albanian Media Institute (AMI) on July 25-29, with the participation of 14 journalists from both print and electronic media, mainly from Tirana-based media outlets. The aim of this training module, composed of three weeks, is to introduce the basic principles and skills of online journalism, distinguishing between writing for a newspaper and writing online and exploring other similar areas which are relatively new in Albania. Trainer was Mitrulla Thodhori, IT engineer at AMI. She focused on the situation of online journalism presently in the world and in the country, the main features of online journalism, researching the Internet, the main search engines and databases, useful websites for journalists, writing for online publications, etc. The course was a combination of theoretical elements with practical work and it will continue with other training sessions. The course was implemented by AMI and supported by UNESCO.

TRAINING FOR VLACH JOURNALISTS AND ACTIVISTS

A training course for Vlach journalists and activists took place at the Albanian Media Institute on July 18-21. The aim of the training was to introduce journalists to the basic skills of reporting on minorities and diversity, as well as to the main management issues in a minority media. Trainer for the first day was Arben Muka, Deutsche Welle correspondent, who addressed news writing, inverted pyramid style, the distinctions for TV, radio, and print reporting, as well as the relation between media and NGOs. Second trainer was Lutfi Dervishi, a well-known journalist, who focused on reporting diversity, news sources and reporting, kinds of interviews and their kinds, etc. He also addressed management and practical topics, such as planning newspaper cost, hiring and firing of personnel, promotion, sales, cost sharint, etc. On the last day, Mitrulla Thodhori, IT engineer, introduced the participants to the main principles of computer assisted reporting, e-mail and Internet usage. The training had strong practical elements, which tested the knowledge participants gained in the course. The training was organized by the Albanian Media Institute and supported by Swedish Helsinki Committee.

CRIME REPORTERS DISCUSS MONITORING REPORT

Journalists covering organized crime and court sections in the ten main daily newspapers gathered on July 22 to discuss the results of a three-months monitoring report on the coverage of these sections. According to this report, although there is considerable improvement in this section over the years, much remains to be done. Some of the main observations involved the relations of journalists with their sources of information and particularly with spokespersons and persons involved in the crime, graphic coverage of the stories, international nature of organized crime, accuracy and correct reporting, etc. The journalists agreed with many of the points raised in the report, and a vivid discussion which brought many examples from their everyday work followed, which helped to the completion of the report with the viewpoint and personal experience of each journalist. The monitoring report and the discussion were organized by Albanian Media Institute and supported by the Soros Foundation.

NCRT BULLETIN ON ETHICS IS ISSUED

Council of Complaints at the National Council of Radio and Television published its bulletin on ethics of electronic media on June. This bulletin focused on the violation of dignity of public by Albanian media and reported on a survey carried out by the Council of Complaints. According to this survey 76 percent of Albanians think that Albanian electronic media infringes upon personal dignity. Most of the surveyed persons indicated the language used in electronic media as the most offensive feature. However, more than half of respondents said their complaints only rested with the discussions they had with friends and rarely reached the newsrooms or regulatory body. Also, according to the survey, in spite of a slight decrease compared to other years, the public still ranks entertainment as a favorite program of electronic media.


AMI NEWSLETTER, August - September 2005


MANUAL ON INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM

“Investigative journalism” is the latest manual on journalism published by the Albanian Media Institute. In view of this relatively unexplored area of journalism in Albania , the manual introduces journalists to the basic principles, methods, and tools of investigative journalism. It attempts to define the mission of investigative journalism and to bring forth advice on better in-depth reporting, development of news sources, and establishment and usage of databases. The manual also contains a brief history of the development of investigative journalism, including testimony from one of the most famous examples of investigative journalism, the Watergate case. In addition, the manual contains practical information on researching, interviewing, and the specific writing of in-depth reporting.

TEAM TRAINING AND SUPPLEMENT ON MONTENEGRIN MINORITY

A team reporting training took place at the Albanian Media Institute on September 5-9, with the participation of eight journalists from both mainstream and minority media. The reporters produced a supplement that was published in daily “Gazeta Shqiptare.” The supplement focused on issues of Montenegrin minority reporting and their coverage by both minority and mainstream media. The participants worked as a team and covered different stories addressing topics related to Montenegrin minority, their demands for education in native language, the disputes on the figures of populaiton, their religious concerns, the legal status of this minority, etc.. In order to assist their reporting, two key speakers were invited to address this topic: Lindita Xhillari, director of the Center for Promotion of Human Development, focused on the situation of minorities in Albania and introduced the main trends deriving from research done in this area. The second key speaker was Remzi Lani, a well-known analyst, who addressed the relations between Montenegrin minority and Albanians, the manner of coverage in the mainstream media and minority media, the way this is related to foreign policy of both countries, etc. This project was supported by Swedish Helsinki Committee and organized by the Albanian Media Institute.

ROUND TABLE ON ETHNICITY AND MASSMEDIA

A round table on minorities and massmedia took place at the Albanian Media Institute on September 26, with the participation of journalists and editors from mainstream media and Greek, Montenegrin, Macedonian, Vlach, and Roma media and minorities. The main objective of this roundtable was to discuss the main problems that minorities in the country face and the way they are portrayed in both mainstream and minority media. The first keyspeaker was Lindita Xhillari, director of the Center for Promotion of Human Development, who focused on the situation of minorities in Albania and introduced the main trends deriving from research done in this area. She also listed the main government branches dealing with protection of minorities and the main sources for statistics on minorities, which help journalists to report on them. The second keyspeaker was Blendi Kajsiu, a political analyst, who presented the main findings on a paper on hate speech and Albanian media. He focused on the existing stereotypes in some Albanian dailies, the way they are perceived and promoted, the denied minorities, etc. Remzi Lani, a well-known analyst, presented the main trends existing in coverage of minorities, both in mainstream and minority media, focusing on the specific problems they have, the respective prejudices and stereotypes, the need for improvement, etc. This roundtable was organized by Albanian Media Institute with the support of Friedrich Ebert Foundation.

RADIO TRAINING AND PRODUCTION ON MINORITIES

A radio journalism training took place at the Albanian Media Institute on September 12-14, with the participation of ten young Roma and Vlach reporters. The aim of this training was to introduce young reporters from minorities to the basic principles of working in radio and reporting on their own community. The firs trainer was Iris Luarasi, professor of department of Journalism, who focused on writing news for the radio, their distinction from other media, sources of news, interviewing and its techniques. Aleksander Furrxhi, BBC correspondent, discussed with the participants the generes of radio reporting, features, mini-features, vox-populi, live broadcasting, etc. On the third day, Arben Muka, Deutsche Welle correspondent, focused his lecture on news ordering in a news edition, usage of radio equipment, and the topics of the radio supplement. After the training the participants produced two radio shows in Roma and Vlach language respectively, which will be aired by a national and a local radio. These groups will produce other radio shows in their own language. This training and production was organized by Albanian Media Institute and supported by Swedish Helsinki Committee.

CRIME REPORTERS DISCUSS MONITORING REPORT

Journalists covering organized crime and court sections in ten main daily newspapers gathered on September 15 to discuss the results of a three-months monitoring report on the coverage of these sections. According to this report, although there is considerable improvement in this section over the years, much remains to be done. Some of the main observations involved the relations of journalists with their sources of information and particularly with spokespersons and persons involved in the crime, graphic coverage of the stories, international nature of organized crime, accuracy and correct reporting, etc. The journalists agreed with many of the points raised in the report, and a vivid discussion which brought many examples from their everyday work followed, which helped to the completion of the report with the viewpoint and personal experience of each journalist. This was the second round table with journalists covering these sections. The monitoring report and the discussion were organized by Albanian Media Institute and supported by the Soros Foundation.

IN-HOUSE TRAINING AT MINORITY RADIO

An in-house radio training took place at Radio Prespa on 19-22 September. This is the only electronic media outlet started by a minority group, which is based in an area inhabited by Macedonian minority in Albania . Considering the relatively inexperienced journalists, the Skopje-based trainer Atanas Kirovski, focused on the basic principles of news reporting on the radio. His combination of lectures and practice involved such topics as defining and expanding the radio target group, arranging the radio schedule, finding news sources, writing leads, using the right context and background information, inverted pyramid structure, use of general headlines and jingles, consistency of bulletin, etc. Finally, the trainer also addressed on how to report from a minority media, focusing such issues as avoiding hate speech, inclusion of the other side in the story, striking the right balance, recognizing subjectivity, and introducing human angle in the process of reporting. This training was organized by Albanian Media Institute with the support of Press Now.

PROMOTION OF PUBLICATION ON SPAIN 'S POLITICAL ANALYSIS

“ Spain in Democracy: 1975-2000” by Charles Powell is the latest publication of Albanian Media Institute. In order to promote this book, a round table was organized in Tirana on September 9, with the participation of the author and well-known representatives of Albanian political life, as well as representatives from media and civil society. This publication is an extensive account of Spain 's political and social development from late dictatorship to the present days. It deals such important aspects as the heritage of an authoritarian regime, the transition to democracy, the problems Spain faced in consolidation of democracy, and the late political changes. Apart from presenting his book, Charles Powell held a lecture on the topic ” Europe after the Constitution referenda: the perspectives of Balkan countries for European integration.” Powell is one of the best known experts of Spanish political affairs, as well as one of the biographers of King Juan Carlos. He has been a close counsellor of ex-Prime Minister Aznar and has had an important role in his government. The publication and its promotion were carried out by the Albanian Media Institute.

NEW PERIODICAL IN ALBANIAN MARKET

“ABC” is the latest weekly that emerged in the Albanian print media market. Conceived as a political magazine, this magazine tries to revoke the print media of the 1930s in the country. This is the most recent publication in the market that hosts 22 daily newspapers and more than 250 other periodicals.


AMI NEWSLETTER, October 2005


LONG-TERM PROJECT FOR TRAINING OF YOUNG REPORTERS KICKS OFF

Albanian Media Institute started a three-month training course for young print media reporters, designed to introduce them to the basic professional skills in order to advance in their careers. The course will take place every week, with the participation of 13 young reporters from print media outlets, and it will address a varitery of topics and professional skills, with the involvement of Albanian and foreign media experts. The first module took place on October3-4, and served as an introductory session to journalism, news, basic reporting, addressing the five “W-s” and “Why,” researching the sources, inverted pyramid as a sroty structure, and basic standards of reporting. Trainer was Monte Plott, Knight International Press Fellow.
The second module was conducted by Benet Koleka, professor at Department of Journalism, University of Tirana, and Reuters correspondent, on October 10-11. He focused on interviewing, the kinds of interviews, interviewing techniques, kinds of answers, observing and reporting body language, etc. Artan Fuga, a well-known analyst and philosopher, was the lecturer during the third module, on October 17-18. He introduced the participants to the general theories of communication, the sociology of communication, audience, and the relation between media and public opinion.
The fourth module was again conducted by Monte Plott on October 26-28 and focused on an introduction to investigative reporting, the role of journalist as an investigator, the different manners and techniques for collecting information, establishing and preserving sources, etc. The course involves many practical tasks assigned to students, enabling them to test the knowledge they gain during the lectures in practice. The course is implemented by the Albanian Media Institute, with the support of Press Now.

GOVERNMENT ORDER FORBIDS OFFICIALS TO SUE JOURNALISTS

An order addressed to the directories of ministries by the Council of Ministers on October 5 prohibitied lawsuits by government officials against media outlets or journalists. The main guidelines in this order concerned the exclusive use of official denials of government executives in the media in the event of publication of untrue information, as well as self-restraint from government officials from using the libel and defamation dispositions of both Penal and Civil Codes. Also, the persons concerned in the media allegations should not insist in demanding the source of information from the media outlets and journalists. In addition, in the general framework of the government’s platform of war against corruption, the government press offices, spokespersons and information-related officers should investigate any information regarding corruption in their area that appears in the media. The order is issued at a time when libel and defamation are not yet decriminalized, while an amendment to the present dispositions in this area is pending for approval by the Parliament.

ARTICLE 19 CONCERNED OVER CRIMINAL DEFAMATION IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE

Article 19 released on October 31 “Concerns over the Retention of Criminal Defamation in South East Europe,” a report examining the progress made by Albania, Serbia and Montenegro, including Kosovo, and Romania against international best practice on defamation. After the report concerns stemmed on these countries’ retention of defamation provisions in the criminal codes, as well as on the usage of these provisions by politicians to protect themselves against media criticism. Article 19 welcomed the recent developments in Albania and Kosovo, which are expected to fully decriminalize defamation soon. However, a warning on high fines exercised in libel cases came out of countries where no prison sentences are applies, such as Montenegro, Romania, and Serbia. At the moment a new draft of defamation provisions, initiated by Albanian Media Institute and Justice Initiative, is expected to be approved by the Albanian parliament, as a result of which defamation will be fully decriminalized and the courts will apply affordable and appropriate fines.

ROUND TABLE ON MEDIA AND MINORITIES

A round table on media and minorities took place at the Albanian Media Institute on October 24, with the participation of nearly 30 journalists from minority media all over the country, as well as some representatives of mainstream media covering minority issues. The first speaker was Ledio Bianku, international law expert, who focused on the way international law addresses the minority issues. He mentioned the main documents and treaties, introducing a brief history and world experience in this area, as well as the relevant legislation adopted by Albanian government. The second speaker was Agron Tare, Director of Minorities’ Office at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He focused on the role of Albanian government in protection and promotion of minorities, explaining the tasks and work done by this specific structure of the government. The third speaker was Remzi Lani, a well-known analyst, who addressed the relations between the different minorities and Albanians, the manner of coverage in the mainstream media and minority media, the way this is related to foreign policy in the region, etc. The discussions that ensued concerned the implementation of fundamental rights of minorities in Albania, relevant issues for the minority groups, such as education in native language, registration of population, dispute of the existing statistics, etc. The round table was organized by Albanian Media Institute and supported by Swedish Helsinki Committee in the framework of an extensive project on media and minorities.

TEAM TRAINING AND SUPPLEMENT PRODUCTION ON MACEDONIAN MINORITY

A team reporting training took place at the Albanian Media Institute on October 10-14, with the participation of eight journalists from both mainstream and minority media. The reporters produced a supplement that was published in daily “Korrieri.” The supplement focused on issues of Macedonian minority reporting and their coverage by both minority and mainstream media. The participants worked as a team and covered different stories addressing topics related to the Macedonian minority, their demands for the registration of population, the economic problems they experience, the positions of Albanian and Macedonian states on these issues, the demands for education in the native language, the disputes on textbooks, etc. In order to assist their reporting, three key speakers were invited to address this topic: Lindita Xhillari and Ylli Cabiri from the Center for Promotion of Human Development, focused on the situation of minorities in Albania and introduced the main trends deriving from research their center has completed in this area. The second key speaker was Remzi Lani, a well-known analyst, who addressed the relations between Macedonian minority and Albanians, the manner of coverage in the mainstream media and minority media, the way this is related to foreign policy of both countries, etc. This project was supported by Swedish Helsinki Committee and organized by the Albanian Media Institute.

RSF ISSUES THE WORLD PRESS FREEDOM INDEX

Reporters Sans Frontieres issued the world press freedom index for 2005 on 20 October. The index confirmed Northern European states as countries where press freedom is consolidated, and European countries in the top ten positions regarding media freedom. However, this year’s report witnessed a setback of Western democracies, mainly the US for the imprisonment of New York Times reporter Judith Miller, as well as Canada, France, Spain and Italy, who scored a poorer record of press freedom compared to a year ago. The candidate countries for joining the EU also did not score well, indicating that press freedom is not securely established neither in Bulgaria, nor in Romania. Albania’s position also dropped by 12 places this year, ranking 62nd. Central Asia, the Caucasus and Russia scored among the lowest positions in the index.

RADIO PROGRAMS PRODUCED IN AROMANIAN

A group of journalists from the Vlach minority gathered to produce two radio programs of approximately 20 minutes in Aromanian language. The main aim of these programs is to promote media coverage of minorities in the country and provide a different voice for the minorities within the media landscape. One of the programs produced focusing on Voskopoja, a region in South East Albania considered the cradle of Vlach minority. The other program conveyed the efforts of education in Aromanian in one of the Vlach communities in the country. The journalists were guided in these productions by Arben Muka, Deutsche Welle correspondent. These radio programs will be aired by Radio Tirana, the public service radio, and by a local radio. The production of the programs was implemented by Albanian Media Institute, with the support of Swedish Helsinki Committee.

PHOTOJOURNALISM EXHIBITION OPENED IN TIRANA

A photojournalism exhibition opened in Tirana on October 11, titled “One photo, a thousand words.” The exhibition featured the best photos by the photographers employed in ALNA agency. This agency is affiliated with the group that publishes daily Shekulli, Sporti Shqiptar, and Biznes, as well as weekly magazine Spekter, one of the most important publishing groups in the country.


AMI NEWSLETTER, November 2005


LONG-TERM PROJECT FOR TRAINING OF YOUNG REPORTERS CONTINUES

Albanian Media Institute continued to implement the three-month training course for young print media reporters, designed to introduce them to the basic professional skills in order to advance in their careers. The fifth module was conducted by Lutfi Dervishi, freelancer, on November 1-2. He focused on ethics in journalism, the explanation of the present Code of Ethics, its implementation, the need for a self-regulatory mechanism, the right to reply, etc. Mitrulla Thodhori, IT engineer, was the lecturer during the sixth module, on November 10-11. She introduced the participants to the general principles of Computer Assisted Reporting and online journalism, as well as the main tools and search engines the web offers to assist journalists, the ways of writing for the web, etc.
The seventh module was conducted by Gent Ibrahimi and Ilir Aliaj, media legislation experts, on November 14-15 and focused on an introduction to the main legislation in the country that regulates media. In this module the participants were introduced to the main media laws, such as law on broadcasting, law on access to information, defamation law, etc. The lecturers also made a comparative analysis of Albanian laws and European media legislation, in the framework of EU accession standards.
The lecturer for the last October module was Kristina Jorgaqi, researcher at the Institute of Linguistics. In her lecture she addressed the linguistic problems that reporting poses in many cases, ways of writing in an easy and attractive manner for the reader, the use of foreign words in reporting, enriching Albanian language in media coverage, etc. The course is implemented by the Albanian Media Institute, with the support of Press Now.

NEW REPORT ON BROADCASTING IN EUROPE AND ALBANIA

“Television across Europe: regulation, policy, and independence,” is the title of a monitoring report carried out in 20 European countries that was released in Tirana on November 21. The report covers numerous aspects of the broadcasting industry, such as context and landscape of television industry, media regulation regarding television, the regulatory authorities, and the policies applied in these respects. In addition, the report focuses on the situation of the public broadcasting, which, with some exceptions, seems to be experiencing a crisis in many European countries. The commercial television sector is also present in the report, focusing on its regulation, ownership traits, funding, and programme structure. The report also attempts to address the emergence of new technoologies and its impact on the broadcasting industry and media pluralism. The publication, available in Albanian, includes the general overview of the European report and the national chapter. The report was carried out by Albanian Media Institute, in the framework of the project implemented by EU Monitoring and Advocacy Program and Network Media Program of Open Society Institute.

ROUNDTABLE MEETING ON MEDIA SELF-REGULATION

A stakeholders’ roundtable meeting to examine the possibility of establishing a press council in Albania took place in Tirana on November 4. Participants included media owners, directors, editors, journalists, representatives of journalists’ associations, media experts and lawyers, civil society representatives, etc. Speakers that addressed the participants on the issue of self-regulation in journalism and particularly in Albania included US Ambassador Marcie Ries and OSCE Ambassador Pavel Vacek. In addition, Gent Ibrahimi, Director of Institute for Policy and Legal Studies, discussed the advantages and disadvantages of self-regulatory mechanisms, along with the existing needs in the country for these bodies. The participants discussed then the need to establish such a body and its potential for succeeding in the country’s context, suggesting various approaches on how to address the issue. At the end of the meeting two task forces were established to deal with the amendments to the present Code of Ethics and with the next steps in attempting to establish a press council. This meeting was organized by the Albanian Media Institute, with the support of USAID and OSCE.

TRAINING COURSE ON ENVIRONMENTAL REPORTING

A training course on environmental issues and the way they are covered in the media took place in Elbasan on November 4-5, with the participation of local journalists from both print and electronic media. The course involved both conveying information on present environmental issues and introducing journalists to practical ways of improving coverage of these issues in their work. The first lecturer was Xhemal Mato, expert of environmental issues and Head of Massmedia and Environment Association. After providing a brief history on ecology in the world, the lecturer focused on a general description of the environmental situation in Albania, emphasizing the most problematic areas regarding pollution of the environment, passing then on to the concept of sustainable development.
The second lecturer was Ziso Thomollari, Dean of the Department of Natural Sciences, University of Elbasan, who addressed the emergence of the concept of sustainable development. Another important element was the concept of pollution, the scientific definition and the practical addressing of elements of pollution, bringing as examples international efforts to limit the damage in this respect. Beqir Kila, responsible for the Laboratory of Toxicology, Elbasan, addressed then the specific problems and sources of pollution in the city of Elbasan and in the suburbs. The lecturer provided some statistics and addressed the specific range of problems the city faces, which distinguishes it from other cities in the country.
On the second day the lecturers and journalists addressed the pracitical aspects of reporting on environment, especially in cases of investigative journalism. Lutfi Dervishi, freelancer, addressed the organization of labour when it comes to investigating a story, as well as using access to information law when writing a story. He also described the techniques, manners, range of problems of investigative journalism, treatment of sources, importance and dangers of investigation, and specific cases of investigation on the salient environmental issues.
Ilir Yzeri, Head of Faculty of Journalism, Elbasan, spoke about raising awareness among Albanian society and educating it on environmental problems, which is journalists’ duty (specific examples were provided). He also addressed the manners of reporting of environmental topics and the continuity of addressing environmental topics in the media, in order for these to become important issues. Finally, Professor at the Faculty of Journalism, Elbasan, Isidor Koti, focused on the role and impact of media in environmental issues, explaining the main ways of environmental information for the public, usage of resources, institutions, and investigation. This training course was organized by Albanian Media Institute with the support of UNDP.

REGIONAL MEETING OF EDITORS AND JOURNALISTS

A regional meeting of media directors, editors, journalists, and media associations from Albania, Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro, and Macedonia, took place in Tirana on November 11. The main aim of the meeting was to discuss the main problems that the media in the region faces at the moment, common solutions, exchange of experience, and improving the standards in view of the efforts for EU accession. The participants in the conference discussed such topics as EU and the future of the region, public broadcasting today, general media situation in the region, corruption and media, professional standards, hate speech, and media ethics. The conference was hosted by the Albanian Media Institute and organized by South East Europe Media Organization, with the support of Austrian Cooperation.

TRAINING COURSE ON INTERVIEWING TECHNIQUES

A training course on improving interviewing techniques as part of everyday job of journalists was organized with the participation of 12 journalists on November 8-9 at the Albanian Media Institute. The lecturer, Monte Plott, Knight International Press Fellow, addressed the main facets of interviewing for young journalists. The participants were introduced to the basic ways of researching the topic or person before the interview, the importance of collecting background information, the formulation of questions, the kinds of questions asked, observing body language, etc. The lecturer and participants also discussed the ethical issues related to interviewing, the dividing line between respect for the privacy and the public’s right to know, double checking the information, writing retractions, etc. The course was organized by the Albanian Media Institute and supported by the US Embassy.

TRAINING COURSE ON CORRUPTION AND MEDIA

The training regarding the range of problems in the struggle against corruption and its media coverage took place in the city of Fier on November 18-19, 2005, with the participation of local journalists from print and electronic media. Institutional transparency as an important element in preventing corruption was the topic addressed from the first lecturer, Arben Ristani, lawyer at the Citizen Advocacy Office. Ristani first explained the notion of state seizure and the problems of corruption in the administration. Three basic elements that cause situations of corruption were picked and examined, namely monopoly situation, lack of information, and responsibility. Ristani also focused on the activity of Citizen Advocacy Office, offering specific cases from the judicial point of view, in addition to journalists’ problems with the judicial system.
In his lecture journalist Lutfi Dervishi addressed the issue of writing a detailed investigation story, focusing on its planning. Specific steps included: picking the topic, planning the sources, searching, reporting, writing the story, checking the facts before publication, the actual publication, follow-up, etc. On the second day Dervishi brought a historical and international overview of the development of investigative journalism all over the world, bringing specific cases, such as investigation of the Al Cappone case, addressing the case and the manner he bought the newspaper that was accusing him, relations with journalists, etc. Focusing on the present situation regarding corruption in Albania, as cited by international reports, the lecturer offered ways of improving investigative journalism, such as teamwork, confrontational interviews, etc.
Vladimir Muçaj, Head of Association of Journalists of Fier, was the next lecturer. He brought the local experience in investigating corruption and its media coverage. He conveyed an overview of print and electronic media in the district of Fier and focused on the financial opportunities and the willingness of media owners to investigate hot issues in the district of Fier. Examining the specific cases of investigation from local journalists the lecturer and participants discussed the techniques used in investigations, along with the manners of making use of both official and unofficial sources, the achieved results and the cases of discovering these corruption affairs. This training course was organized by Albanian Media Institute with the support of UNDP.

TRAINING COURSE ON PUBLIC RELATIONS AND JOURNALISM

The relation between PR officers, institutions, offices and journalists was the main topic addressed in a training course that took place at the Albanian Media Institute on November 15-16. The main aim of the course was to introduce 12 young reporters to a tool they face often in their job: press releases and information that comes from PR offices and spokespersons. What to look for in a press release, asking for additional information, checking the distributed information, establishing contacts with PR persons were the main issues addressed in the course by Monte Plott, Knight International Press Fellow. In a more theoretical aspect, the lecturer and participants also addressed the ways of separating advertisement from information, hidden advertising, ways of serving the public, rather than the sender of the press release, etc. The course was organized by the Albanian Media Institute and supported by the US Embassy.

TRAINING COURSE ON REPORTING POVERTY

Reporting on poverty was the topic of a training course organized with local journalists from district of Shkodra on November 25-26. Poverty in a long transition was the topic addressed by the first lecturer, Ylli Cabiri, for the Center of Promoting Human Development. He focused on the level of poverty and income, the profile of poverty, unemployment, issues of poverty in rural and urban areas, etc. In his lecture he offered some instructions on how journalists should report on these phenomena, having in mind the official figures. The lecturer also addressed considering the situation of education and health care as indicators of poverty, emphasizing the role of the state in improving the situation.
Lindita Xhillari, from the same center, lectured on the economic growth in the transition period, offering statistics on the inflation rate and GDP, the stabilizing reforms in the main areas, such as liberalization of the markets, small and medium enterprises, division of land, etc. She also focused on the fragile Albanian economic equilibrium, mentioning the main crisis and progress. Finally, the lecturer conveyed a comparative analysis of Albania and other countries in the region from the economic point of view, focusing on the impact of structural reforms on alleviating poverty in the country.
On the second day, Lutfi Dervishi, journalist, addressed the media coverage of the poverty issue. He presented a general overview of the poverty problem, on a comparative level. He also addressed the human relations aspect of covering poverty from journalists, the target group the media address, etc. Dervishi delved into more practical aspects of covering the issue, such as definition of elements that make up poverty and ways to cover each one of them, media’s undue coverage of politics and its neglecting the poverty problems.
Blerti Deliu, journalist and head of the Union of Journalists, Shkoder, brought the local experience in this regard. He addressed the poverty issue in the city of Shkodra, the media coverage of these problems, finding the roots of poverty, using the sources of information, disputing official statistics, etc. In addition, the participants expressed their concern with the owners’ neglect of such important issues as poverty. This training course was organized by Albanian Media Institute with the support of UNDP.

RADIO PROGRAMS PRODUCED IN ROMA LANGUAGE

A group of aspiring reporters from the Roma minority gathered to produce two radio programs of approximately 20 minutes in Roma language. The main aim of these programs is to promote media coverage of minorities in the country and provide a different voice for the minorities within the media landscape. The journalists were guided in these productions by Zamira Koleci, director of information at Top Albania Radio. These radio programs will be aired by Radio Tirana, the public service radio, and by a local radio. The production of the programs was implemented by Albanian Media Institute, with the support of Swedish Helsinki Committee.

NEW ISSUE OF NCRT ETHICS BULLETIN

The tenth issue of “Antena,” the bulletin published by the Council of Complaints at the National Council of Radio and Television, came out in November. The main aim of this issue was to bring foreign experience with regard to ethical standards of broadcasting industry and the existing-self regulatory mechanisms, comparing them to the present situation in Albania. The articles presented in the bulletin addressed such issues as media corruption, dissatisfaction of the public with media ethics, experience of regulatory and self-regulatory agencies in several countries in this regard, the respect for human dignity in Albanian media, etc.


AMI NEWSLETTER, December 2005


LONG-TERM PROJECT FOR TRAINING OF YOUNG REPORTERS IS COMPLETED

Albanian Media Institute completed the implementation of the three-month training course for young print media reporters, designed to introduce them to the basic professional skills in order to advance in their careers. The ninth module was conducted by Benet Koleka, Reuters correspondent, on December 1, who focused on in-depth reporting and special events coverage, as well as feature writing. On the next day Ilir Aliaj, media legislation expert, instructed the participants on how to write an essay.

The next two modules took place on December 8-10 and followen on December 12-14, with Robert Slagt and Lutfi Dervishi being the trainers. These modules were conceived as a workshop, which focused on the practical ways of starting a newspaper, such as determining target group, story ideas and newspaper content, publication layout, usage of photos, practical details of publication, etc.

The final module incorporated the whole knowledge gained during the course and put it to test by preparing a newspaper issue by the participants. This module took place on December 15-17, with the guidance of Lutfi Dervishi and Benet Koleka, who employed the format of learning by doing. The final product was a 16-page newspaper, where all the participants contributed and testet their knowledge. This course was implemented by the Albanian Media Institute, with the support of Press Now.

ASSAULT ON LOCAL JOURNALIST

On 11 December, Engjell Serjani, director of Dita Jug newspaper and correspondent for Gazeta Shqiptare, was attacked and beaten up by two unknown persons in the city of Gjirokastra. Serjani was leaving a bar next to his office, in order to go home, when two persons stopped him and started hitting him until he lost consciousness. Later, Serjani recovered consciousness and was able to go to a hospital to have his injuries treated. The two perpetrators managed to escape. Journalists associations in the country reacted promptly, demanding police identifies the offenders and takes the necessary measures to establish the right climate for media freedom.

BOMB ON MEDIA HOUSE

On the night of 18 December, unknown persons threw explosives into an area close to the group of buildings that hosts the Spekter publishing group. Although the journalists were still working in the building, nobody was injured, but there was damage to property. This group is one of the most important in Albanian press, publishing dailies Shekulli, Sporti Shqiptar, and Biznes, and weekly magazine Spekter.

TRAINING ON GENDER REPORTING

The training on gender equality and the attention that media pays to it took place in the city of Burrel on December 9-10, 2005, with the participation of local journalists from print and electronic media in that area. The first lecturers were Reta Lika from the Center “Gender Alliance for Development,” and Anduena Sefgjini, local journalist. Lika addressed the concept of gender belonging as a social and cultural concept determined by the social environment where we live. She mentioned the stereotypes that exist on females and their transformation with time and location. She also introduced the findings of a monitoring of daily newspapers on the coverage of domestic violence. Journalist Sefgjini focused mainly on the problems of gender equality in the district of Burrel, addressing the attempts of media to struggle against prejudices.

Another lecturer was Ilir Duka from Center “Gender Alliance for Development,” who focused on the processes that lead to the emergence and strengthening of stereotypes, such as manipulation, channeling, oral labelling, and exposure to activities. He also stressed the importance of raising awareness on diversity with regard to gender issues.

On the second day lecturers were Lutfi Dervishi, freelancer, and local journalists Luftim Vani and Afrim Vani. Dervishi made a specific description of media outlets in Burrel, focusing on the space they dedicate to the issue of gender equality in articles and broadcasting. An interesting debate that took place was that of whether it was possible and proper to regulate with legal means the role of women in decision-making or whether this should be achieved through a change in mentality.

With the guidance of the other two journalists the participants discussed the idea of a newspaper supplement and a TV story on gender equality. The protagonists would be female and would express their views. All the participants gave specific practical clues and ideas on the ways to structure a newspaper supplement or a TV story on this topic. This training course was organized by Albanian Media Institute with the support of UNDP.

PROJECT ON SOCIAL ISSUES TRAINING CONCLUDES

At the end of the project “Improving social issues coverage with a focus on MDGs” the organizers thought it would be appropriate to complete the project with a conclusive phase in Tirana that would briefly address all the topics previously discussed in Elbasan, Fier, Shkoder , and Burrel. The participants in Tirana forum were journalists that covered the social problems in different media outlets in the capital.

The lecturers discussed with the journalists in Tirana environmental problems (Xhemal Mato, well-known environmental journalist); problems of corruption and access to information (Arben Ristani, Citizen Advocacy Office); poverty problems (Lindita Xhillari, Center for Promotion of Human Development) and problems of gender equality (Eglantina Gjermeni, Center “Gender Alliance for Development).

On the second day journalists Lutfi Dervishi and Arben Muka addressed problems of investigative journalism and focused extensively on the manners, techniques of coverage of social problems, the space media should give to these stories, etc. This forum marked the completion of this project, with previous training courses in Elbasan, Fier, Shkoder , and Burrel, organized by Albanian Media Institute and supported by UNDP.

DISCUSSION ON PUBLIC BROADCASTING COVERAGE OF MINORITIES

A roundtable focusing on public broadcasting coverage of minorities took place in Tirana on December 12, with the participation of representatives from minority media all over the country, the Steering Council of TVSH, the public television, the NCRT, the regulatory authority of electronic media, media experts, etc. The aim of this discussion was to examine the way the public broadcaster meets its responsibilities and criteria regarding the minorities. Its local radio branches broadcasts programs in Greek and Macedonian, but this is insufficient. Recently a debate on the issue of programs in Greek on the public television took place, but a serious conclusion, in accordance with European standards, has not been achieved yet. This roundtable brought together the concerns, opinions, and proposals of minority media representatives regarding the public broadcaster, and the latter's response and vision on how this problem could be worked out in the future. This roundtable was organized by Albanian Media Institute, with the support of Swedish Helsinki Committee.

RADIO PROGRAMS PRODUCED IN AROMANIAN

A group of reporters from the Vlah minority gathered to produce two radio programs of approximately 20 minutes in their language. The main aim of these programs is to promote media coverage of minorities in the country and provide a different voice for the minorities within the media landscape. The journalists were guided in these productions by Iris Luarasi, director of Radio Ime and professor at Department of Journalism, Tirana. These radio programs will be aired by Radio Tirana, the public service radio, and by a local radio. The production of the programs was implemented by Albanian Media Institute, with the support of Swedish Helsinki Committee.

SURVEY ON MINORITY MEDIA

A survey on minority media was published in December 2005, containing a database on the main aspects and development trends of minority media in the country. Information for this publication was provided by owners, directors, and editors of minority media. After providing a brief glimpse of the general situation of minority groups in the country, the publication conveys an analysis of the main aspects of media development among minorities. Some of the trends featured in this analysis are the development of minority media through the years, the financial problems it faces, the frequency of publications, the fabric of the staff, in terms such as gender ration, dominating age groups, education, etc. The survey also has a section on training needs of minority media, as indicated by the representatives of these media.

This publication marks the conclusion of the extensive project “Minorities in media and minority media,” which involved training of minority and mainstream media journalists and the production of supplements on minorities, the production of documentaries on minorities, organization of one roundtable discussions with minority journalists and one with public broadcaster and minority representatives, and this research, published in both English and Albanian. This project was implemented by Albanian Media Institute, with the support of Swedish Helsinki Committee.

ANOTHER DAILY PAPER EMERGES IN ALBANIAN MARKET

“Standard” is the latest title that entered Albanian market of daily newspapers in December. The number of daily newspapers competing in the small market has now reached 25, which is considered to be a quite large figure for Albania 's small population. Although there are no statistics or official figures on the circulation of daily nwspapers, it is estimated as a low one.

2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
2002